TRAI Classifies Minimum Broadband Speed As 512kbps

India’s telecom regulator TRAI issued an guideline, making it mandatory for every Broadband service provider ( Wireline – ISPs) to offer minimum download speed 512 Kbps as “broadband’ and reports the number of broadband subscribers in accordance with the revised definition i.e. greater than 512 Kbps.

Internet - Broadband

Earlier The Department of Telecommunications (DoT) issued a Notification on revising the definition of Broadband as ‘Broadband is a data / Internet connection that is able to support interactive services including Internet access and has the capability of the minimum download speed of 512 Kbps to an individual subscriber from the point of presence (PoP) of the service provider intending to provide broadband service.

Accordingly TRAI’s monthly telecom subscribers report, the minimum download speed has been increased from 256 Kbps to 512 Kbps for all wireline ‘Broadband services.

As per TRAI’s latest data India has 14.91 Million Wire-line Broadband subscribers with minimum downloading speed of 512Kbps. However, it may be scent that increase in the minimum download speed from 256 Kbps to 512 Kbps has not hugely impacted the overall number of wire-line broadband subscribers.

In India there are 153 Service Providers (ISPs) which are providing Wireline Broadband services. Out of these, 105 SPs (which constitute 98.71% of the market share) have submitted broadband subscription data for the month of October 2013 as per revised definition of broadband. For the rest of the ISPs, data from previous month (with pre-revised definition) has been retained.

Top five ISPs / Broadband service providers in terms of market share (based on subscriber base) are BSNL (9.96 million), Bharti Airtel (1.32 million), MTNL (1.11 million), Hathway Cable (0.37 million) and Beam Telecom (0.34 million).

It is significant to mention that India’s 3rd largest Broadband service provider Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Ltd (MTNL) which is operating just in 2 circles – Mumbai and Delhi already moved to minimum 1Mbps and more downloading speed over its broadband services in Mumbai circle as we earlier shared on TelecomTalk.

In July, 2009, Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) has recommended that the Department of Telecom (DoT) should make it mandatory for Broadband speeds to be at least 2 mbps, but still its not done.

This Article Was Written By: Sanjay Bafna

Sanjay Bafna - National Editor (Telecom and Mobile Phone)

Sanjay Bafna is an entrepreneur and National Editor at TelecomTALK covering Mobile Operators, 3G, Broadband, 4G, LTE, Telecom Policies & Regulations and Mobile Phones. He is well known Telecom and Mobile Analyst, Love Tea and Chocolates.

{ 44 comments… add one }

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  • To the author December 31, 2013 5:52 pm, 5:52 PM

    Please clear up this article. Is the minimum speed of 512kbps applicable post FUP? Then BSNL needs to change their 525 and 650 rs plans.

    • rahul maurya January 1, 2014 5:33 pm, 5:33 PM

      yes it is post fup speed.

      • To the author January 1, 2014 7:10 pm, 7:10 PM

        Can you tell that from where did you get the confirmation? Just asking as the plans on their website have not changed.

        • rahul maurya January 2, 2014 6:12 pm, 6:12 PM

          Ab bsnl ne nahi kiya apni website par to wo plan 525 aur 650 ka data trai k pas nahi bhejenge, lekin baki ka data to bhejenge hi qki wo broadband ki catagory me aayega, aur ye plans gprs ki category me aa jayenge.
          Aur minimum speed ka matlab post Fup hi hota hai nahi to wo maximum speed ya primary speed hi mention karte.

  • Senthilkumar R December 29, 2013 10:32 pm, 10:32 PM

    From today onwards(29/12/2013) even after crossing FUP limit , i am getting 2.0 Mb/s.
    Speed test result:
    Plan : BBG Combo ULD 900 (Upto 2 Mbps till 8 GB, 512 Kbps beyond 8 GB)

    BSNL removed FUP limit or not?

    • Aam Admi December 30, 2013 10:07 am, 10:07 AM

      It’s just a technical glitch.

    • Kannadas December 31, 2013 2:47 pm, 2:47 PM

      The speed test show 1.5 Mb/s to 2 Mb/s but the download speed limit is 60kbps in IDM , My Plan : BBG ULD 800

      • Senthilkumar R December 31, 2013 9:01 pm, 9:01 PM

        For me download speed limit is 230 kbps in IDM (Plan: BBG ULD 900) even after FUP

  • Kaushik December 28, 2013 11:43 pm, 11:43 PM

    I am buying laptop. I want to take a broadband connection in mumbai. MTNL wil be best!

  • A ANSAR BASHA December 27, 2013 10:14 pm, 10:14 PM

    BSNL should strive to widen its customer base with increased speed, though it is already providing excellent service in terms of broadband.

  • Lalit December 27, 2013 3:08 pm, 3:08 PM

    Although its a step in the right direction some times i feel how some of the decision makers are ignorant to whats going on the world. In this day age 2 Mbps should be the basic speed as the content is more video based and graphical.
    Two examples attached below

  • dipak agiya December 27, 2013 2:58 pm, 2:58 PM

    hello kya muje koi batayega ki bsnl broadband new conection ka kitna charge lagta hai ?
    aur mounthly minimum charge kitna hai ? PLS SIR i am waiting

  • Muhawid P B December 27, 2013 2:04 pm, 2:04 PM

    Bsnl on 525 and 650 combo plan they limit the speed to 256 kbps after hitting FUP.
    Is this recommended minimum speed is after FUP or before FUP?

    When will this recommended speed come to exist in bsnl broadband on these plans?

  • soumya December 27, 2013 1:51 pm, 1:51 PM

    download speed is still 256 kb/sec . when will the speed be revised to 512 kb/sec. me using bsnl broadband 600 combo plan……………………….

  • Esmail December 27, 2013 1:50 pm, 1:50 PM

    Another rule that TRAI should pass is that all ISPs who advertise FUP based unlimited plans, their post FUP speed should be no less than 25% of pre FUP speeds for both Download and Upload. If the pre FUP speed is 2Mbps post FUP not below 512Kbps if pre FUP is 10Mbps post FUP not less than 2.5Mbps and so on.

    • Muhawid P B December 28, 2013 5:40 pm, 5:40 PM

      After FUP also, speeds should be revised to 512 kbps. Otherwise ISPs can cap the 512 kbps plans to 256 kbps even after some MBs.
      For eg: look at bsnl broadband 525 and 650 combo plan.

      So if this rule doesn’t apply after FUP, this is absolutely nonsense.

  • Ganesh December 27, 2013 12:54 pm, 12:54 PM

    This is pathetic! Minimum broadband speeds for Wirelines should be at least 1 Mbps. I’d prefer 2Mbps though. Still bare minimum speed of 1 Mbps only could create new business models and opportunities like audio / video streaming etc.

  • Subhadeep Kanungo December 27, 2013 12:18 pm, 12:18 PM

    Global average download speed is around 16.43 Mbps and upload is around 7.33 Mbps according to Ookla report.. Look at TRAI. They are still thinking about Kbps. When will they grow up still remains a mystery.

    • Maramandan Mallan December 29, 2013 2:04 pm, 2:04 PM

      Tea/Coffee price in normal hotel is Rs 10/- where as in TAJ Hotel, it is Rs 215/- .

      So is it good if hotel work association decided to increase price in tea from Rs 10 to 150 ?

      I saw the same attitude in the above comment.

  • Idea88 December 27, 2013 8:36 am, 8:36 AM

    When the trai will classified minimum speed for mobile??

  • Sathish Kumar, Gobichettipalayam (TN). December 27, 2013 8:33 am, 8:33 AM

    AIRCEL network crashed in chennai and a statement from Aircel :

    *AIRCEL’s mobile users across chennai city faced a blackout of voice calls and mobile internet for several hours on Thursday due to glitch in the Aircel’s mobile network.

    *Several AIRCEL users in chennai city complained that since about 11 a.m, they had been unable to make or receive any calls or access the mobile internet.

    *The network seemed to have been partially restored by about 4p.m. Aircel, however, put the network downtime to only a couple of hours.

    *A statement from the aircel said,
    “Aircel network was interrupted due to a technical snag which has been addressed promptly and all services have been restored completely. We deeply regret the inconvenience caused to aircel customers”.


  • Rajesh Kumar December 27, 2013 7:06 am, 7:06 AM

    Airtel Broadband in Chennai, they still provide for any FUP plans (minimum speed)@256kbps only. they must change…..

  • shuvi December 26, 2013 10:07 pm, 10:07 PM

    Itz should be more then 10 mbps…

  • BP Singh December 26, 2013 9:45 pm, 9:45 PM

    It will be a great boost for all the users of BSNL Broadband.
    Minimum 512kbps speed is the need of the hour.

    • Subhadeep Kanungo December 27, 2013 12:06 pm, 12:06 PM

      BSNL already provides minimum speed of 512 Kbps. Check out the plans at
      and More details at

      • Shuvam December 27, 2013 1:30 pm, 1:30 PM

        Subhadeep, look at the BB Home ULD 525 & BB Home Combo ULD 650 plans

        It still states 512 Kbps upto 4 GB, 256 Kbps beyond 4 GB. It has been more than 24 hours still no change reflecting on their website.

      • Muhawid P B December 27, 2013 2:02 pm, 2:02 PM

        Bsnl on 525 and 650 combo plan they limit the speed to 256 kbps after hitting FUP.
        Is this recommended minimum speed is after FUP or before FUP?

        When will this recommended speed come to exist in bsnl broadband on these plans?

        • Subhadeep Kanungo December 27, 2013 3:15 pm, 3:15 PM

          Yes I know. Then in that case TRAI should enforce rules which does not allow FUP.. That will be the best way I think.

          • rahul maurya January 2, 2014 6:19 pm, 6:19 PM

            mere area me to ek company hi Infinity Plus broadband services. Wo 300 me hi unlimited data provide kra rahi hai 512 ki speed se without FUP.

  • Akhil Mohan December 26, 2013 9:08 pm, 9:08 PM

    For wired broadband this speed is very very slow. We have 3G services which are faster.

  • Sathish Kumar, Gobichettipalayam (TN). December 26, 2013 8:37 pm, 8:37 PM

    I think its impact of Christmas day. . . Here in Chennai and RoTN, aircel is number 1 operator in terms of customer base and number of 900Mhz BTS. As of now, Aircel Chennai and RoTN networks are handling 2.5 Cr of Aircel GSM customers and 90 Lakh together of DoCoMo and Reliance GSM customers. So that, on festival days and holidays its getting heavy load / extra congestion on Aircel network. It may be the reason. If suppose, it get more time to restore. For temporarily its partner network Tata DoCoMo and Reliance GSM network may have more chances to handle all Aircel Customers of Chennai and Rest of TN. But the real fact is DoCoMo and Reliance GSM is not able to handle all Aircel customers, both network doses not have enough own BTS. But however it can manage some extend. Along with Idea, it can manage only in Chennai City. But Rest of TN concern, 900 Mhz network (BSNL and Vodafone) can only help (manage 2.2 Cr) of Aircel customer base at some extend. . .

  • Siddharth December 26, 2013 8:28 pm, 8:28 PM

    I think it’s high time that Government gives explanation when they come at such a recommendation. Now, most will not agree but a lot of deliberation and thought process has gone into this. It needs to be understood that the scenario in rural areas which accounts for more than 80% is difficult for telecom companies to navigate. These places are severely lacking in basic amenities and infrastructure. So this is a welcome step indeed.

  • SS December 26, 2013 8:06 pm, 8:06 PM

    Why they don’t bother about 3g post fup speed? Its damn slow @64 kbps. And even 512 kbps for broadband isn’t sufficient.

  • soumya December 26, 2013 7:49 pm, 7:49 PM


    • Battlefield 4 December 31, 2013 6:02 pm, 6:02 PM

      Yes!!! We need this confirmation.. If this is implemented then I will just get the cheapest unlimited plan as all have the same post fup speed

  • Tharun George December 26, 2013 7:40 pm, 7:40 PM

    3G and now 4G is here. Still broadband speed 512kbps. Pathetic!

    • Muhawid P B December 31, 2013 3:35 pm, 3:35 PM

      I never mind it because I am going to disconnect my 10 year old bsnl landline and take a reliance jio’s wired landline connection. They are nearly completed laying cables in my district kasaragod in kerala.they are laying cables like will provide wired line broadband along with landline to homes in kerala by april start.
      I wish landline number portability to come to exist to retain my landline should work for it too.

  • Sathish, Gobichettipalayam (TN) December 26, 2013 6:55 pm, 6:55 PM

    Aircel’s mobile network crashes in Chennai City :

    Aircel’s mobile users across Chennai city faced a blackout of voice and data services for several hours on Thursday (today) due to a glitch in the operator’s network.

    Several users in the city complained that since about 11 a.m., they had been unable to make or receive any calls or access the web.

    The network seemed to have been partially restored by about 4 p.m. when some users reported that they had begun receiving calls. But, the respite proved all too brief with services getting disrupted again.

    • Saurabh December 26, 2013 7:39 pm, 7:39 PM

      Though Aircel has shut down services in Haryana but I have their tower in my town and using 2G services on my number and there was no problem here. But I too faced this outage in October for 8-10 hours but only 1 day. The signal was there but wasn’t able to call and even E was gone so Internet was also not working. It was fine today though. :) Sometimes these technical issues may occur but yes it irritates a lot. lol

  • Manish December 26, 2013 6:27 pm, 6:27 PM

    Minimum broadband speed should be 1 Mbps.

  • Kanaga Deepan N December 26, 2013 5:36 pm, 5:36 PM

    Sorry, its TOO LITTLE, TOO LATE, especially wrt wireline BB… When will DoT define BB minimum speeds in terms of Mbps (or atleast 1Mbps) may be after 2 or 3 decades… [BB defn of 256kbps speed has been for almost 1.5 decades]. At that time rest of world will be defining min BB speeds in terms of couple of Gbps (that too without FUP)..

    This minimum speed applies to FUP also right?? Else it is as good as USELESS imho…

  • Aam Admi December 26, 2013 5:32 pm, 5:32 PM

    This speed was recommended in the NTP-2012. Now it’s the end of 2013. No one except MTNL implemented this policy so far. I wonder how this is gonna benefit customers.
    Still stuck at the 256kbps FUP limit.

  • Suraj December 26, 2013 5:09 pm, 5:09 PM

    Great step!! Nice to see it’s uplifted from 256kb/s to 512kb/s

  • Chandra Sekhar Mandal December 26, 2013 5:04 pm, 5:04 PM

    Very good news indeed. Hope to see some true unlimited 512 kbps plans from BSNL soon.


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