DOT rejects proposal for E-GSM on 800 MHz CDMA band, What it means to CDMA and GSM Operators?

mobile-tower-indiaDepartment of Telecommunications (DOT) has rejected the proposal of Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) to create extended-GSM by splitting the 800 MHz CDMA spectrum. DOT will decide the price of the 800 MHz band in the next telecom commission meeting scheduled on November 7. TRAI’s proposal to create e-GSM band was strongly opposed by the CDMA and dual technology operators, but was heavily backed by GSM players. Lets take a look at how this would impact Indian mobile segment.

What is e-GSM?

E-GSM stands for extended GSM band in the 900 MHz range which overlaps with the 800 MHz band. Extended GSM includes the standard GSM 900 band (GSM-P) with an addition of 10 MHz at the lower side of the primary GSM 900 MHz band. This extension ranges from 880-890 MHz. Most modern phones with GSM 900 also support e-GSM.

What does this mean to the CDMA players?

This will be a great relief to the CMDA operators as this move will ensure there will be enough spectrum for them. As per CDMA operators, they have invested billions in building CDMA infrastructure in the country and any move to make e-GSM will grossly undermine their business case

How will this impact the GSM operators?

E-GSM band would have added additional 10 MHz to the 900 MHz GSM band. So GSM operators would have had more 900 MHz spectrum to bid for. Most operator’s 900 MHz license is going to expire in 2015-2016 and they will have to win it back in the next auction. Recently Airtel, Idea, Vodafone and Reliance had written a letter to the telecom minister and prime minister to postpone the next auction till enough spectrum is available.

900 MHz is the most efficient spectrum in the GSM band as it provides strongest coverage compared to the 1800 MHz GSM band. GSM operators could also deploy 3G service over this band as with Idea in Delhi which plans to offer 3G service over 900 MHz spectrum they had won back in February.

How will this affect consumers?

For CDMA users this would mean that CDMA operators MTS, Reliance and Docomo will be able to purchase additional spectrum to expand their service and further improve Rev B EVDO speeds with additional carrier frequency.

For GSM users, e-GSM would have created an additional 10 MHz which would have meant at least two more operators having 900 MHz spectrum. Currently only BSNL/MTNL and two or three private operators have 900 MHz spectrum in each circle. Additional operators would have brought the total tally of operators to 5 or 6 in the 900 MHz range. They could have launched 3G in the 900 MHz, which would have provided twice the coverage than the current 3G in the 2100 MHz.

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24 Comments on "DOT rejects proposal for E-GSM on 800 MHz CDMA band, What it means to CDMA and GSM Operators?"


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November 6, 2014 7:57 am 7:57 AM

Data for CDMA is on 2000 MHz is what I think. Only voice is at 800MHz. Correct me if I am wrong.

APpL€ LoVeR™
November 6, 2014 11:57 am 11:57 AM

I think you misinterpret the term ‘CDMA 2000’.Here the number 2000 didn’t denote frequency or band of operation for CDMA. CDMA2000 is a registered trademark of the Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA-USA).All the voice,data and signal transfer for CDMA operators takes place through 800MHz in India. In India currently there is no telecom operator owns any block in 2000MHz.

November 6, 2014 1:08 am 1:08 AM
Well firstly, i couldn’t help laughing at a post demanding operators (GSM) to be allowed to upgrade technologies without any extra cost just like EVDO rev 1, to rev2, etc. For that joker- those bands are of different frequencies and frequency is what all matters. Just like For 3G you need 2100MHz, for EVDO Rev 1, rev2, you need enough spectrum in the band (800MHz) and buying extra spectrum for CDMA operators is at par or more costly than 900 Mhz band spectrum. Its not that you got 5MHz of spectrum in 800MHz band, you’re gonna fit the entire world… Read more »
November 6, 2014 11:04 am 11:04 AM

What ever the case may be. 4G speed will not cross 5 Mbps after becoming popular.

November 5, 2014 9:09 pm 9:09 PM

What the hell?. Did the CDMA players pay any seperate fee for increasing the network speed from rev A to rev B when both of them are based CDMA based network?. If not then why did the shameless government is begging for spectrum fee for upgrading from 2G to 3G and from 3G to 4G when all three network types are GSM based?. Why does the government does not allow operators to choose the MHz of spectrum that is based on their customer base and their intention to add new customers?.

February 21, 2015 11:09 pm 11:09 PM

3g and 4g are not based on gsm tech , gsm will be dead soon

November 6, 2014 9:09 am 9:09 AM

How Idea is going to launch the 3G in Delhi circle with the 900MHz band.
How Idea , Videocon etc. launching LTE(4G) with their 1800MHz band.
Same way CDMA operators Launching services like EVDO rev A, EVDO rev B, LTE.

APpL€ LoVeR™
November 5, 2014 10:21 pm 10:21 PM
Sudhakar,i am not clear about what you actually mean. MTS acquired liberalized spectrum in 800MHz band, they did not go for another band other than 800MHz.The GSM operators you mentioned payed for the spectrum price in bands of GSM, which means the price is payed for acquiring frequencies in 2100MHz for 3G,2300MHz for LTE so on. MTS never go for a bid in those frequencies so they did not need to pay any extra money for change/upgradation for MTS networks,there all services goes through the same frequencies.If MTS bid for an extra block in 800MHz they surely need to pay… Read more »